Surrounded by Lafayette, Madison, Jackson and Caledonia Streets, this square has been a landmark of Marianna since the city was founded in 1827. The historic oak trees were planted in the 1870’s by a former slave who had entered the landscaping business. Hand to hand fighting took place on the grounds during the Battle of Marianna and the Confederate commander, Col. A.B. Montgomery, was captured on the southeast corner of the square. The basement of the courthouse houses the county archives which preserve records dating back to the 1820’s.